As chief executives from major oil companies joined senior government officials from several oil-producing countries in Washington, US for the first time, to end the practice of routine gas flaring at oil production sites by 2030 at the latest, Nigeria is no where to be found in the gathering.
The commitment was made on the sidelines of the IMF/World Group Spring Meetings in Washington.
On the list of participating countries, Nigeria was absent. Those who endorsed the move are Norway, Cameroon, Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Gabon and Uzbekistan. Others are Republic of Congo, Angola and France.
The Zero Routine Flaring by 2030 initiative – already endorsed by nine countries, 10 oil companies and six development institutions – was launched by Ban Ki-moon, United Nations’ secretary-general, and Jim Yong Kim, president, World Bank Group.
They were joined by Jorma Ollila, Royal Dutch Shell chairman; Eldar Sætre, Statoil’s CEO; Børge Brende, Norwegian foreign minister and Etienne Dieudonne Ngoubou, Gabonese minister of petroleum as well as several other senior government and corporate officials and representatives of international development banks.
The endorsers collectively represent more than 40 per cent of global gas flaring. Every year, around 140 billion cubic metres of natural gas produced together with oil is wastefully burned or “flared” at thousands of oil fields around the world. This results in more than 300 million tons of carbon dioxide being emitted into the atmosphere – equivalent to emissions from approximately 77 million cars.
If this amount of associated gas were used for power generation, it could provide more electricity (750bn kWh) than the entire African continent is consuming today. But currently, the gas is flared for a variety of technical, regulatory and economic reasons, or because its use is not given high priority.
“Gas flaring is a visual reminder that we are wastefully sending carbon dioxide into the atmosphere,” said Kim. “We can do something about this. Together, we can take concrete action to end flaring and to use this valuable natural resource to light the darkness for those without electricity.”
By endorsing the initiative, governments, oil companies and development institutions recognise that routine gas flaring is unsustainable from a resource management and environmental perspective and agree to cooperate to eliminate ongoing routine flaring as soon as possible and no later than 2030. They will publicly report their flaring and progress towards the target on an annual basis. Furthermore, routine flaring will not take place in new oil fields developments. Governments will provide an operating environment conducive to investments and to the development of functioning energy markets.
“As we head towards the adoption of a meaningful new international climate agreement in Paris in December, these countries and companies are demonstrating real climate action,” said Ki-moon. He added that “Reducing gas flaring can make a significant contribution towards mitigating climate change. I appeal to all oil-producing countries and companies to join this important initiative.”
The World Bank has been active on this issue for 15 years, as a founding member of the Global Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership (GGFR). The Bank works with its partners in GGFR and the United Nations’ Sustainable Energy for All initiative (SE4All) to increase the use of associated gas by helping remove the technical and regulatory barriers to flaring reduction.
Oil companies and governments that have yet to endorse the initiative are currently undertaking comprehensive reviews of their gas flaring. Many are expected to join the initiative in the coming months.

Maureen Nzeogu
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